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Transitions Guide

Explain how Europe benefited from cultural diffusion during the period c. A.D. 1000 - 1500.

Transitions are bridges in your writing which take the reader from one thought to the next. These bridges link your ideas together and help you avoid choppy writing. Use the following transitional expressions as an aid in moving smoothly from one idea to another in a paragraph or essay.

Keep your transitions brief and inconspicuous. Here are some choices of transitional phrases you can use to illustrate certain points or relationships.

Adding a point:
furthermore, besides, finally, in addition to, moreover, additionally, besides, likewise, also, too, even more important
above all, indeed, in fact, in other words, most important
then, afterwards, eventually, next, thereafter, immediately, meanwhile, previously, already, often, since then, now, later, usually, first, second, third, in the first place, in the second place, finally, last, at length, soon, in the meantime, in the past
next to, across, from, above, below, nearby, inside, beyond, between surrounding, opposite to, adjacent to, on the opposite side
Cause and Effect:
consequently, as a result, therefore, thus, accordingly, then, because, hence
for example, for instance, to illustrate, specifically, let me name a few
first, second, third, furthermore (see Time)
but, however, in contrast, instead, nevertheless, on the contrary, on the other hand, though, still, unfortunately, conversely, even so, notwithstanding, for all that, at the same time, although this may be true, otherwise, nonetheless
like, also, likewise, similarly, as, then too, in like manner
although, yet, of course, after all, granted, while it is true
therefore, to sum up, in brief, in general, in short, for these reasons, in retrospect, finally, in conclusion, on the whole, as I have said, in other words, to be sure, as has been noted, fore example, for instance, in fact, indeed, to tell the truth, in any event, in closing