What is your first name?
What is your last name?
Beginning in the Middle Ages the English sought to gain control of Ireland, the island nation to its
west. By the 1600’s they controlled all of the British Isles. For the Irish Catholics that lived there, this
marked the beginning of centuries of foreign control.
A turning point in Irish history was Easter 1916, when about 1,400 activists called the Irish
Volunteers took over several government buildings in Dublin, a major port city. They declared
independence from England, but British troops were sent in to put down the rebellion. Within a week,
284 Irish were dead as well as 134 British soldiers. Following the uprising, several Irish nationalists
Public opinion in Ireland then turned against the British, and nationalist feelings grew. The Irish
Republican Army, a group of volunteer fighters (who the British considered terrorists), began to wage
war. In 1921, in an attempt to end the violence, Ireland was split in two. Its southern counties, which
were almost 100% Catholic, gained their independence and became the Irish Free State. The northern
counties, populated mainly by British Protestants, remained part of Great Britain.
After the compromise, northern Irish Catholics and Protestant created a segregated society with
separate schools, sports, and communities, but the two groups were not equal. The Catholic minority
faced discrimination in housing, employment, and other areas, so tension and violence increased. The
conflict, which lasted for decades, became known as the troubles and lasted until 1998.
According to information in the passage, the section labeled 1 on the map is ___ and 3 is ___.
Based on the reading, it could be concluded that the section labeled 2 on the map is mainly
What word is a synonym for segregated in the fourth paragraph?
Nationalist feelings in Ireland were based upon
Which of these statements CANNOT be supported by information in the passage?