What is your first name?
What is your last name?
On August 22nd, 1770, Captain James Cook claimed eastern Australia
for England, but no effort was made to settle the faraway land for more
than a hundred years. In 1786 the British government decided to send
convicts there in order to relieve overcrowding in England's prisons.
On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip leading the First Fleet,
landed in New South Wales with a thousand people, including 717
convicts, their guards, and a few settlers. Men outnumbered women in the
group by about four to one, and very few in the First Fleet had any
farming experience. The colony faced many problems. In the beginning the
settlers nearly starved and the Aborigines were hostile. Still the
settlement, located in what is now Sydney, managed to succeed and paved
the way for more and more people to come to New South Wales.
New South Wales.
From 1788 through the 19th century more than 200,000 people made
the long trip from England to the continent down under. They brought
with them their language, their customs, and their religion. Many people
came to Australia for the cheap land and labor it offered and they began
ranching, mostly sheep. Convicts, of course, came to Australia because
they were forced to do so.
Most male convicts were assigned to work for settlers, though the worst
criminals worked on roads in chain gangs. Women convicts were usually
assigned as settlers’ household servants. The worst of the women
criminals were sent to the Female Factory, where they made rope, spun
wool, and did laundry. Child convicts and the children of adult prisoners
were housed in orphanages or barracks. Boys were usually trained in a
skill and girls worked as house servants.
Which statement is supported by the passage?
settlers : land :: convicts :
For analogies, create a sentence that explains the relationship between the first
pair of words. In this case, Settlers came to Australia for land. Then
create a sentence from the third word and the answer choices with a similar structure.
Settlers came to Australia for land.
Though ___ were plentiful, ___ were scarce in New South Wales.
According to the passage, the First Fleet came and Australia established a/an