What is your first name?
What is your last name?
The Pacific Ocean is the largest geographic feature on earth, more so than all the
land areas of the world combined. The fact that the islands of Oceania spread out
over a large portion of the Pacific has long made scholars question how those
islands could have been populated. Most agree that, like other areas of the earth,
Oceania was populated by people migrating in search of food and later, farmland.
There is strong support for the theory that people arrived on the islands in canoes
One reason this is thought to be the case is because languages throughout the
region are similar, belonging to a language family known as Austronesian. Though
the languages differ, many words are similar. Their words for rice, yams, taro, and
sugarcane suggest that the early island settlers ate many of the same things. Since
their words for dogs, chickens, and pigs are much the same, it is believed they
brought these animals to the islands.
Similarities are also found in the pottery people use. A style called lapita pottery
found across Oceania is also found in mainland China, suggesting that some early
people migrated by boat from there. Local stories also serve to support this idea. For
example, people in Hawaii and other islands tell of early fisherman who caught
islands, not fish.
islands, not fish.
So how could people travel across such a vast ocean in simple canoes or rafts? That
question may have been answered, at least in part, in 1947 by the explorer Thor Heyerdahl.
Heyerdahl built a balsa wood raft (pictured below) and sailed 4,300 miles in 101 days from Peru
to reach the Tuamoto Archipelago, proving that small, ancient rafts could in fact have made
such a journey from the east.
Which statement is supported by the passage?
Lapita pottery supports the idea that
A synonym for the word theory would be
All of these adjectives could describe Thor Heyerdahl EXCEPT