What is your first name?
What is your last name?
During World War I a new government, communism, was established in Russia.
Russia was renamed the Soviet Union, and its new leaders did away with the absolute
monarch called the czar. The idea of communism was to rid the nation of the rich, upper
class to create a more equal society. All property was taken over and owned in
common by the people but controlled by the government.
During World War II the Soviet Union fought on the side of England, France, and the
U.S. against Germany and Italy in Europe. As the western nations fought from their side,
the Soviets attacked the enemies from the east, gaining control of almost all the land in
Eastern Europe. Then when the war ended, the Soviet Union refused to give up that
control and established communist governments across the region.
Europe was divided between the free nations of Western Europe and the communist
countries of Eastern Europe including East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary,
Bulgaria, Romania, and Albania. The term Iron Curtain was used to describe the
division. The Iron Curtain was mostly a heavily-guarded, barbed wire fence stretching for
thousands of miles. In the city of Berlin, Germany, which was split into two, the Berlin
Wall was built to separate the free West Berlin from communist East Berlin and became
the symbol of the Iron Curtain division.
The Iron Curtain itself represented the differences between the two ideologies of
democracy and communism. For more than 45 years the free, democratic nations of the
world competed in space, weapons development, and even wars in the cases of Korea
and Vietnam against the communists. Then the fall of the Soviet Union and communism
in Eastern Europe in 1991 marked the end of the Iron Curtain.
Based on passage information, it can be concluded that Russian czars were
The Russian Communists would MOST LIKELY have said that the purpose of communism was to
The Iron Curtain would BEST be described as a
A synonym for the word ideologies in the last paragraph would be
Why do you think communism failed and the Soviet Union fell in 1991?(Requires Paragraph)